What is gastroscopy? How Is Gastroscopy Performed?

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Gastroscopy; It is an examination method that allows the upper part of the digestive system (esophagus, stomach, upper part of the small intestine) to be viewed with the help of a flexible tube with a small camera at the end (endoscopy instrument).

Why is it used?

gastroskopi nedirGastroscopy, Diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the esophagus, stomach, and the initial part of the small intestine Causes of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing and gastrointestinal bleeding Testing for diseases such as anemia, bleeding, inflammation, diarrhea and digestive system cancers Biopsy (collecting tissue samples) Detecting conditions that may cause cancer, bleeding It is used to reveal the causes of diseases such as infections.

How Should the Preparation for Gastroscopy Be?

The stomach should be empty before Gastroscopy. For this purpose, it is necessary to stop eating and drinking for four to eight hours before the procedure. Stopping the intake of blood thinners that increase the risk of bleeding during the procedure (such as aspirin, rheumatism drugs, clopidogrel, etc.)
gastroskopi nasıl hazırlanır

Implementation

gastroskopi nasıl yapılır

  • Lie on back or side.
  • Devices are attached to the body to monitor breathing, blood pressure and heart rate.
  • Spray is sprayed into the throat to reduce the gag reflex.
  • Anesthesia or similar drugs are given to relieve the discomfort and discomfort that may occur during the procedure.
  • The endoscopy instrument is inserted through the mouth.
  • The application takes 5-20 minutes depending on the situation.
  • In the following hours, the anesthesia loses its effect, the monitors are disconnected, and the patient can go home after a short rest period.
  • Patients who are given anesthesia or similar drugs should stay away from activities that require attention, such as driving, after the procedure.

Complications of Gastroscopy

The risks listed below after diagnostic procedures are at very low rates, but may occur if therapeutic procedures will be used during the procedure.
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Perforation in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Fire
  • Chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • Black or very dark stools
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling
  • vomiting

What Should Be Done Before Gastroscopy?

In fact, there are no very important things to do before Gastroscopy. Before gastroscopy, about 8 hours of fasting is sufficient for us.

If the patient is going to undergo gastroscopy as the first case in the morning, we recommend that he not eat or drink anything after 12 at night. However, the first thing that is important here is if the patient has any other disease.

If he is using a blood thinner, if something is to be treated during the procedure, for example, if a polyp is to be removed, if an early stage tumor, which we call mucosectomy, is to be removed from this patient, blood thinners, aspirin, blood thinner injections under the skin, blood thinner pills called coumadin should be taken at a minimum by consulting the doctor. It needs to be cut 5 days in advance.

And the accompanying serious ailments must be shared with the patient who will perform the procedure before the procedure. Before we start the procedure, we apply to the patient not only to do this procedure, but also by talking about other accompanying problems.

How Is Gastroscopy Performed?

Gastroscopy is not a very fearful procedure, as is believed among the people. It can be done in two ways. It is done by putting a patient to sleep. It can also be done without sleeping, according to the patient’s request or the physician’s preference.

Before the gastroscopy procedure, the technician or nurse friend or anesthesiologist in the team that will perform the procedure opens an vascular access to the patient and after the vascular access is established, the patient is monitored after the patient is placed on the table you see in the left lateral position.

In other words, when needles are given to relieve the patient during the procedure, there is a monitor that will control the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen status in the body.

Which Organs Are Detected by Gastroscopic Examination?

As you can see, the Gastroscopy device is a light device with a small micro-camera on the end that develops as technology develops, which is flexible, thin and easy to swallow. Patients sometimes ask us, sir, I have had gastroscopy a few times, is it harmful?

There is no harm in gastroscopy. Radiation concerns. Please note that gastroscopy and radiation have nothing to do with it.

During the gastroscopic examination, we usually examine the esophagus, stomach and duodenum and try to detect the existing diseases in these regions.

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