What is Hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoid Symptoms and Treatment

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Hemorrhoids, are divided into internal (internal hemorrhoids) and external (external hemorrhoids). Of these, internal hemorrhoids usually do not cause much pain and itching.

There are veins in the anus and the pressure inside these veins increases for various reasons. The structure of the vessel is suitable for expansion. Therefore, the veins expand to balance the increased pressure and come out of the breech area.

These protruding vascular bundles are red-purple in color. It causes frequent bleeding. The reason for bleeding is the perforation of these vessels as a result of destruction.

Hemoroid (Basur) tedavisi

Unless hemorrhoids are in very advanced stages, they only show symptoms as intermittent rectal bleeding. In advanced stages, breasts that come out of the anus and return to normal spontaneously or with a finger may occur. External hemorrhoids usually present with pain and burning.

What Causes Hemorrhoids?

  • Changes in bowel habit (constipation, diarrhea)
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Sedentary life,
  • Some sporting activities (horse riding, cycling)
  • Various occupational groups (drivers, pilots)
  • Alcohol habit
  • Tumors located in the pelvic region, formation of ascites in the abdomen
  • Large bowel cancer
Hemoroid (Basur) nedir

What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

Rectal bleeding (fresh red bleeding from the anus)

  • Pain
  • Palpable swelling in the anus
  • Discharge, feeling of wetness in the rectum
  • Itching
  • Post-natal

Hemorrhoids in Women (Hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoids are common in pregnant women. This is because in pregnant women, both hormonal changes and the growing uterus put pressure on the flow and return from the legs.

Why Does The Complaint of Hemorrhoids İncrease İn Women?

  • Increase in constipation due to change in eating habits
  • Slowing of bowel movements due to the growth of the baby
  • Pressure increase in the veins due to the growth of the baby
  • Hormones causing enlargement of veins
  • Positional inability to defecate comfortably
  • The need for excessive straining due to difficult ejaculation

basur hemoroid belirtileri 1st Degree Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)

There is no visible finding, it can be diagnosed with the help of an instrument called an endoscope. Anus is slightly raised 2-4 cm above. Bleeding may occur if the surface is irritated.

Usually the only manifestation is infrequent bleeding. Bleeding occurs in the form of fresh red blood. The hemorrhoid breast appears as a slight swelling on the upper part and tends to bleed when its surface is irritated.

They usually do not cause any serious complaints other than occasional bleeding. The most effective and economical treatment is laser treatment.

2. Degree Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)
The hemorrhoid breast is in the form of a 1-2 cm raised red area from the anus, normally it is not noticeable, but when strained, it comes out and the patient can feel it with his hand. As soon as the patient gets up, it is pulled in without the need for intervention.

Bleeding can occur over time, which can lead to anemia. Sometimes with severe straining, it goes out of the anus too much and there is very severe pain that can’t go back in, this situation is defined as strangulated hemorrhoids (thrombosed hemorrhoids).

Treatment: The most suitable treatment is laser or strangulation methods. These methods can be called non-surgical methods. With these procedures, the patient can return to work immediately.  

hemoroid nasıl geçer

3. Degree Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)
Hemorrhoid breast comes out with noticeable straining in the form of 1-2 cm swelling, and the patient cannot enter spontaneously unless he helps with his hand. It has a tendency to bleed.

Apart from bleeding, pain, itching, wetness and feeling of fullness are the most common complaints. Treatment: Laser, rubber band may be preferred according to the amount of protrusion.

4. Degree Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)
Hemorrhoids whose treatment is postponed progress to more advanced stages over time, it is now advanced hemorrhoids in the 4th degree. The hemorrhoids that are felt outside do not go inside anymore.

Since the hemorrhoids are outside while the patient is sitting, complaints such as pain, wetness in general, and inability to adequately clean bleeding may occur. Its treatment is surgery or non-surgical methods.

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