In Irritable Bowel Syndrome, a relationship based on mutual trust should be established between the patient and the physician and the patient should be informed that the disease is a functional disease.
Dietary changes in some of the patients with IBS may reduce the complaints. The patient and the physician can decide together to remove the foods that are thought to initiate the complaints from the daily diet.
Since lactose intolerance is common in patients with IBS, consumption of milk and dairy foods may initiate complaints, and yogurt may be recommended instead of milk as a source of calcium and protein in these patients.
Regular consumption of probiotic or prebiotic-containing yoghurts, which are increasing in number in the market, can provide relief in some IBS patients in the form of regularization of defecation and reduction of bloating.
In IBS, where constipation is at the forefront, taking plenty of water, consuming fibrous foods, dried fruits and bran bread, and exercising regularly can reduce the complaints.
In cases where changes in diet are insufficient, medications that your doctor will recommend may need to be added to the treatment.
There is no standard drug treatment used when treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome and different drug treatments or combinations may be required for each patient. Pharmacological agents that can be used in the treatment constitute a wide spectrum ranging from drugs believed to regulate bowel movements (spasmodes, prokinetics, etc.) to antidepressants.
(*) Lactose is a sugar found in milk. Normally, the human small intestine contains the enzyme lactase, which breaks down lactose. When this enzyme is deficient, abdominal pain, gas and diarrhea occur as a result of lactose remaining in the intestines without being absorbed.
This condition is called lactose intolerance. About 10-15% of people are lactose intolerant. The incidence of lactose intolerance has increased in people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and this rate is around 60%. Sometimes, temporary lactose intolerance may occur after intestinal infections.
Lactose intolerance is generally mild to moderate, and patients generally state that they can drink up to a glass of milk a day without any obvious complaints. (See lactose intolerance)