What is pancreatitis? Acute And Chronic Pancreatitis Symptoms And Treatment

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Pancreatitis is an inflammation that starts suddenly in an organ called the pancreas, which has functions such as digestion and hormone secretion. The pancreas has two main functions: digestion and hormone secretion.

Causes of Acute Pancreatitis

Gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption are the two main causes of pancreatitis in 80% to 90% of acute pancreatitis cases. Pancreatitis may occur as a result of long-term alcohol use for at least five to seven years.

The majority of chronic pancreatitis disease is caused by alcohol dependence. Pancreatitis due to gallstones can be seen frequently in women aged 50 and over. 10% or 20% of pancreatitis cases are caused by various causes such as:

  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Hereditary disease
  • Medicines
  • Pancreas or bowel abnormalities
  • High fat levels in the blood
pankreatit nedir

What Are The Symptoms Of Acute Pancreatitis?

Acute pancreatitis
The most common symptom of

  • Disease is pain
  • The pain comes on suddenly and increases gradually. It is usually very severe.
  • Pain usually occurs in the upper and left part of the abdomen.
  • Pain usually lasts for a few days People with acute pancreatitis often feel sluggish and generally ill. Some of them are:
  • Nausea
  • Fire
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Weakness and feeling tired
  • Stunned and fainting
  • Agitation
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Headache

 

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Diagnosis of Acute Pancreatitis

As a result of acute pancreatitis symptoms, after obtaining information about the person’s lifestyle and habits and medical history, some tests are applied for the diagnosis and diagnosis of pancreatitis.

X-Ray Films: A detailed abdominal X-ray can be taken for the diagnosis of pancreatitis.
Ultrasound: It is a very good imaging test for examining the ducts of the gallbladder, small intestine, liver and pancreas.

ERCP: It is a test in which the pankeras and surrounding tissues are viewed with the help of a flexible endoscope with a small video camera at the tip.

 

What is Chronic Pancreatitis?

pankreatit tanısıPancreatitis is a long-term inflammatory disease in which the disease persists and does not heal. It occurs due to reasons such as excessive alcohol use, heredity or unknown pancreatitis and trauma, obstruction of the pancreatic duct due to pseudocyst. It can be diagnosed with imaging tests such as ultrasound, computed tomography, or ERCP.

akut ve kronik pankreatit tedavisi

How Is Chronic Pancreatitis Treated?

The first step in starting the treatment of chronic pancreatitis is pain relief. Afterwards, a diet rich in starch and free of fat is prepared for the patient. If enough pancreatic enzymes are not secreted, it can be given externally as a supplement.

If no improvement can be recorded with these measures, surgery is performed and the pancreatic duct is emptied into the intestine and the problematic part of the pancreas is removed.

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