What is Primary Biliary Cholangitis? Diagnosis and Treatment

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Primary biliary cholangitis is a chronic cholestatic liver disease involving both the intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts.

Primary Biliary Cholangitis

Primer Biliyer Kolanjit nedir  It is a disease characterized by progressive inflammation and fibrosis, resulting in biliary cirrhosis in half of symptomatic patients and cholangiocarcinoma in approximately 30%.

Three quarters of the patients are male and the mean age is 40 years. It is closely related to inflammatory bowel diseases, especially ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis was found in 87% and Crohn’s disease in 13% of primary sclerosing cholangitis patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 75% of PSC patients are associated with IBD.

It is not a classic autoimmune disease; but it is an immune system medical treatment disease. Scientific research shows that the average survival from the time of diagnosis is 9-12 years. Liver transplantation performed in the terminal period adds approximately another 5 years to survival.

Cholangiography with ERCP is the “gold standard” in the diagnosis of PSC. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (MRCP) replaces ERCP in the diagnosis of PSC. MRCP gives 90% specific and sensitive results.

Primer Biliyer Kolanjit belirtileri

Medical Treatment

The unknown pathogenesis makes it impossible to develop an effective treatment method for PSK . There is no surgical treatment for the disease other than transplantation.
Although there is generalized sclerosis of the biliary tract, stenosis in the common bile ducts is sometimes dominant.

10% of PSC patients develop symptomatic cholangiocarcinoma. The most effective treatment in PSK is currently provided by combining ursodeoxycholic acid and endoscopic dilatations. No surgical intervention other than transplantation has a place in PSK.

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