What is Dyspepsia? Dyspepsia Causes and Diagnosis

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Dyspepsia, is a package of complaints characterized by swelling in the upper abdomen, pain lasting for more than a month, burping and flatulence.

dispepsi belirtileri

It is called indigestion among the people and it is not considered very important because it is common.

Dyspepsia is often a symptom of an underlying problem, rather than a disease per se.


What Are The Symptoms Of Dyspepsia?

  • Heartburn
  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling
  • Burping and gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bitter or acidic taste in the mouth

Symptoms of dyspepsia may increase during stressful times. Along with dyspepsia, a burning complaint in the lower chest area is also very common.

It can be seen in all age groups in men and women. Excessive alcohol use, stomach irritating drugs such as aspirin, disorders such as digestive tract ulcers, and emotional problems such as anxiety or depression are factors that increase the risk.

What Are The Causes Of Dyspepsia?


  • Ulcer
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux (GERD) (passage of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus)
  • Stomach diseases (all kinds of stomach diseases, from gastritis to serious diseases)
  • Gastroparesis (a condition in which the stomach does not empty normally)
  • Stomach infections
  • İrritable bowel syndrome
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Thyroid disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Digestive system diseases


  • Aspirin and pain relievers
  • Estrogen and birth control pills
  • Cortisone
  • Some antibiotics
  • Thyroid medications

Life style:

  • Too much, fast and greasy food in one sitting
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Cigaret
  • Stress and fatigue
  • Excess stomach acid
  • Swallowing excess air while eating

How Is Dyspepsia Diagnosed?

dispepsi 1

If you have dyspepsia, go to your doctor to rule out a more serious condition. Because it is a broad concept, various diseases can be hidden under it.

Your doctor will look for other underlying diseases. For this purpose, he may perform many blood tests and request imaging tests. He or she may order an endoscopy to better examine the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.

Because dyspepsia is a symptom rather than a disease, its treatment often depends on the underlying cause. Their complaints usually resolve spontaneously within a few hours and most patients do not consult a doctor. Dyspepsia complaints, especially over the age of 40, should be taken seriously.

If no other underlying disease is found as a result of the investigations, the following suggestions may help in eliminating the complaints. When dyspepsia does not improve with these measures, your doctor may prescribe medication to relieve symptoms.

Keeping a food diary to identify disease-causing foods will also be very helpful. When people review their writing afterwards, they can suddenly see important clues that they did not notice while they were eating.

Sometimes heart attacks can also be signs of dyspepsia. If these complaints start suddenly and are unusual for you and are also accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating, or radiating pain to the jaw, neck, or arm, seek medical attention immediately.

  • Don’t eat too much in one sitting.
  • Avoid spicy food.
  • Do not consume foods that contain high amounts of acid, such as citrus fruits and tomatoes.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages.
  • Do not consume caffeinated and carbonated drinks.
  • Avoid tight clothing that tightens your stomach. These put pressure on the stomach, causing the contents to pass into the esophagus.
  • Do not lie down or lie down immediately after eating.
  • Allow 2-3 hours between your last meal and bedtime.
  • The head end of the bed is at least 15 cm from the foot end. get high. (Not a high pillow, raise the head of the bed by placing something like a book under it, or use special reflux pillows) Thus, we ensure that what you eat while lying down is flowing towards the intestines, instead of the esophagus.

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